Real-time External Labeling of Ghosted Views

IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 25(7):2458-2470, 2019
Abstract—We present a new algorithm for calculating the external labeling of ghosted views of moderately complex 3D models. The algorithm uses multiple criteria decision making, based on fuzzy logic, to optimize positions of the labels associated with different parts of the input model. The proposed method can be used with various existing algorithms for creating ghosted views from 3D models. The method operates in real-time, which allows the user to acquire a good understanding of the structure of the input model by studying the model and its labels from different viewpoints. We have conducted a user study to evaluate label layouts produced by our algorithm and those created by humans. The results show that the proposed method can significantly improve user understanding of labeled ghosted views of complicated 3D models, and its label layouts are comparable with label layouts created by humans.